Hypertension Treatment in Madison, AL

What is Hypertension?

A very common condition, hypertension, or high blood pressure, is when the force of blood against your artery walls is too high. Because blood pressure is a measure of how much blood your heart pumps and how resistant your arteries are to blood flow, narrow arteries generally means high blood pressure. Over time, high blood pressure can cause a great deal of health problems including heart disease.

Madison Medical Associates provides comprehensive treatment and therapies for hypertension at our wellness clinic in Madison, Alabama. For more information about hypertension testing and treatment, please call (256) 325-1160 and schedule your consultation today.

What Are the Types of Hypertension?

Primary Hypertension

Primary Hypertension

Primary hypertension is when there is no direct cause. This type most commonly occurs in adults, and develops over the course of a number of years. While there is no underlying cause of primary hypertension it can be treated using medications or through behavioral changes.

Secondary Hypertension

Secondary Hypertension

Secondary hypertension occurs when there is an existing condition or direct cause. This type will appear suddenly and will cause a much higher blood pressure than primary hypertension. Conditions such as sleep apnea, thyroid problems, and kidney issues as well as alcohol or drug abuse can lead to secondary hypertension.

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

Because high blood pressure is so common, there are a number of different causes. Many of the most common include:

  • Obesity
  • A high sodium diet
  • Alcohol or tobacco abuse
  • Old age
  • High stress
  • Chronic or a family history of high blood pressure
  • Pregnancy
  • Lack of physical activity

How is Hypertension Diagnosed?

In order to properly diagnose high blood pressure, a healthcare professional will measure your blood pressure using a gauge that goes around your arm. This gauge will measure both systolic pressure, the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats, and diastolic pressure, or the pressure between beats. In addition to a blood pressure test, your doctor may suggest further monitoring, such as ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, or tests such as a urinalysis, blood test, or cholesterol test.

The following gives an idea of what your blood pressure levels indicate:

Systolic: 120 / Diastolic: 80

Systolic: 120-129 / Diastolic: Below 80

Systolic: 130-199 / Diastolic: 80-89

Systolic: 140 / Diastolic: 90

How is Hypertension Treated?

If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe you a number of various medications. Some of the most common types may include:

  • Diuretics
  • Beta Blockers
  • Renin Inhibitors
  • Angiotensin-converting and receptor blockers
  • Alpha and alpha-beta blockers

In addition, there are a number of lifestyle changes that you will be asked to make to treat your hypertension. These may include:

  • Decreasing sodium in your diet
  • Ceasing smoking and limiting alcohol consumption
  • Losing weight
  • Creating consistent exercise plans
  • Practicing relaxation and breathing
  • Eating healthy foods

Schedule Your Hypertension Treatment  in Madison, AL

If you have high blood pressure or have any concerns about your health, contact Madison Medical Associates to meet with our providers. To connect with a hypertension specialist at our wellness clinic in Madison, AL, please call (256) 325-1160 to schedule your heart testing and the treatment option that best fits your condition.